Article : Lytic Enzymes Of Trichoderma: Their Role In Plant Defense

Title

Lytic Enzymes Of Trichoderma: Their Role In Plant Defense

Author

Saba Hasan ,Garima Gupta, Shreya Anand, Harpreet Kaur

Trichoderma spp. generally grows in its natural habitat on plant root surfaces and therefore it controls root diseases in particular. Trichoderma spp. were shown to be very efficient producers of extracellular enzymes, and some of these have been implicated in the biological control of plant diseases The mycoparasitic potential of Trichoderma spp. is well established. This trait has often been utilized as a means of in vitro screening for biocontrol candidates There are several mechanisms involved in Trichoderma antagonism namely antibiosis whereby the antagonic fungus shows production of antibiotics; competition for nutrients; and mycoparasitism. This work reviews data on the characteristics, properties, and role of lytic enzymes (including chitinases, β-1,3-glucanases, and proteases of certain Trichoderma species used for suppressing causative agents of plant diseases. Lytic enzymes of mycoparasitic fungi of the genus Trichoderma, capable of suppressing a number of fungal phytopathogens that originate in air or soil, are reviewed. 

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