Since April 2009, outbreaks of the new influenza A (H1N1) virus have occurred worldwide. The spectrum of disease caused by H1N1 infection ranges from non-febrile, mild upper respiratory tract illness to severe or fatal pneumoniaPneumothorax might develop in ARDS under mechanical ventilation. But pneumothorax in spontaneously breathing patient has been reported rarely in the literature. We report a case of Pneumothorax in a 38 year old male spontaneously breathing patient infected with H1N1 Influenza. Influenza might cause
severe pulmonary infection, diffuse alveolar damage, sub-pleural and intrapulmonary air cysts which may lead to spontaneous pneumothorax. This complication should always be considered during the recovery period from severe infection and a long-term close follow-up is necessary.
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