Article : Nature Of Propensity Of Indian Sundarban

Title

Nature Of Propensity Of Indian Sundarban

Author

Biraj Kanti Mondal

The Sundarban region is going through vulnerable situation due to severe attack of various physical as well social hazards since very past. This kind of phenomena had become an integral part to the inhabitants of Sundarban as they are bound to coping with these hazardous circumstances. The hitting of severe cyclone, breakage of embankment, loss of mangroves as well as massive illiteracy etc. are able to make the Sundarban region vulnerable physically, biologically and socially. This is a crucial situation for Sundarban because these hazards are affecting directly and indirectly on the people and the environment of Sundarban. Thus the vulnerability often turned the inhabitant’s life hazardous and cause several damages to the entire Sundarban region. The slow poisoning risk and vulnerable rate of Sundarban made us think about its past history and hopes and doubts about its future. The awareness regarding the vulnerability can rectify its environmental degradation and able to make fruitful to save this unique ‘Biosphere Reserve’ and ‘World Heritage Site’.   The Sundarban is famous for its unique scenic beauty with unanimous physical, biological and socio-economic importance. This largest mangrove swamp in the World contains 120 islands of which only 54 islands are inhabited by about 4.3 million people (according to 2011 census). It covers parts of North and South 24 Parganas of West Bengal with an area of 9630 sq. km. The Indian Sundarban is covered by an area of about 4493.60 sq km. and spread over 19 blocks of West Bengal. So far the vulnerability is concern, most of the blocks are belongs to highly vulnerable and henceforth they are not equally enlightening for the progression of the society and strengthening the base of development. Thus an attempt has been made to portrait the environmental outlook of the susceptible scenario along with the regional disparities of Sundarban.   

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