Background: Dysmenorrhea is a painful syndrome that accompanies the menstrual cycles. Although exercise is generally thought to alleviate the dysmenorrhea, the scientific literature displays mixed evidence. The main objective is to see the effect of aerobic exercise on pain and quality of life in primary dysmenorrhea in Indian
Methods: 50 participants aging between 17-25 years were included in the study. They were divided into 2 groups - Control (Group A) and Experimental (Group B). Subjects in control group were asked to give monthly data of VAS and SF-36 scales on the first day of menstruation for 4 months. Subjects in experimental group for first 2 months did not do any exercise and were asked to give data of VAS and SF-36 scales and in last 2 months after aerobic exercises were given, data of scores was collected. Comparisons were made within groups and between groups using appropriate tests.
Results: Statistically significant difference was found within the exercise group and also between both the groups, p < 0.05, at the end of two months of exercise for all outcome measures.
Conclusion: Aerobic exercise helps to reduce pain and also helps to improve quality of life in primary dysmenorrhea in the age group of 17-25 years in Indian population.
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