Degradation of natural resources has been a global problem. Due to rapid urbanization and industrialization, over-exploitation, and other anthropogenic activities have resulted to changes in land-use and land cover pattern. Significant land-use/ land cover changes have been reported during the last century both on spatial and temporal scale, mainly due to economic development and population growth. Anthropogenic changes in land use and land cover being increasingly recognized as a critical factor influencing global change. Currently with the growing population pressure, changing human population-land ratio and increasing land degradation, the need for optimum utilization of land assumes much greater relevance. Remote sensing integrated with Geographic Information System (GIS), provides an effective tool for analysis of land use and land cover. The geospatial technology that combines the technology of remote sensing and GIS holds the potential for timely and accurate determination of pace of land degradation due to various anthropogenic and natural phenomena. These sorts of techniques have been used in the tropics.
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