Article : Design And Fabrication Of Biomass Briquetting Machine

Title

Design And Fabrication Of Biomass Briquetting Machine

Author

Jadhav O. K., Dhakne K. A.

Biomass briquettes are a bio fuel substitute to coal and charcoal. They are used to heat industrial boilers in order to produce electricity from steam. The most common use of the briquettes are in the developing world, where energy sources are not as widely available. There has been a move to the use of briquettes in the developed world through the use of cofiring, when the briquettes are combined with coal in order to create the heat supplied to the boiler. This reduces carbon dioxide emissions by partially replacing coal used in power plants with materials that are already contained in the carbon cycle. Manufacturers mainly use three methods to create the briquettes, each depending on the way the biomass is dried out. Although biomass briquettes are usually manufactured, biomass has been used throughout history all over the world from simply starting campfires to the mass generation of electricity. The contribution deals with the technology of biomass briquetting into the solid high grade biofuel by screw extrusion machines. It is focused mainly on the theory of compacting tools for screw briquetting presses, their analysis, stress conditions and geometry. The main aim is analyzing of pressing screw geometry and determination process of its design. Analysis of force conditions on the screw is necessary for designed geometry verification and for stress analysis. The determination process of the frictional power is instrumental to main power drive design. Knowledge of these processes is the base of the new tools research for screw presses, the increase of tools lifetime and the competitiveness of whole technology

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