Article : Impact Of Coal Mining On Water And Soil Quality In Parts Of Parasia Mandal, Chhindwara District, Madhya Pradesh

Title

Impact Of Coal Mining On Water And Soil Quality In Parts Of Parasia Mandal, Chhindwara District, Madhya Pradesh

Author

Raju Doddi, Santhosh Kumar.S, Muralidhar.M

Coal is one of the fuel resource spread over India and is mined for different purposes. The environmental impact assessment and management is compulsory for sustainable development of the mined out area rather than leaving the disturbed natural parameters as they are during and after the mining for any mineral. Unfortunately, the environmental impact assessment and environmental management plan are not taken care to the maximum extent and the abandoned mines are left as they are. Few water and soil samples have been collected from the coal mining area i.e. Rawanwada and Dighawani of Parasia Mandal, Chhindwara district, Madhya Pradesh, India and analyzed with the instruments IC, ICP-MS and ICP-OES to understand the different major, trace and metal concentration levels. The results in water samples show high acidity, high fluoride concentration, excess major elements, presence of heavy metals and other toxic elements. The results in soil samples show slightly acidic, excess major elements, but heavy metals and other toxic elements are in the normal specified limits. Consumption of these water leads to severe diseases in human beings and other living organism. Vegetation, grazing or farming these lands and utilization of this polluted water for irrigation may result into the dwarfed/stunted growth in the plants. If the heavy metal concentration increases in surroundings of abandoned coal mines due to high acidity, the increasing levels of heavy metals may be concentrated in leaves and stems of the plants and further in the crops like fruits and vegetables. This will be hazardous to health if the same is consumed. 

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