Article : Spatial Investigation About The Educational Standard Of Sundarban


Spatial Investigation About The Educational Standard Of Sundarban


Biraj Kanti Mondal

Sundarban is the largest mangrove swamp in the World. It is also famous as ‘Biosphere Reserve’ and ‘World Heritage Site’. The area has unique scenic beauty with unanimous physical, biological and socio-economic importance since very past. The Sundarban of India covers parts of North and South 24 Parganas of West Bengal with an area of 9630 sq. km. The Indian Sundarban contains 120 islands of which only 54 islands are inhabited by about 3.7 million people (according to 2001 census) in about 4493.6 sq km. area. But the present growth rate of population in West Bengal is ensuring its large volume with some adjoining surprising features which might result as aftermath of development in the educational sector. It is estimated that more than 67 per cent population of the region belongs to underdeveloped community spread over 19 blocks (six blocks from North 24 Parganas & thirteen blocks from South 24 Parganas). So far the educational standard is concern, all the blocks are not highly developed and henceforth they are not equally enlightening for the advancement of the society and strengthening the economic base of Sundarban. Education is probably the most important amongst the three elements of human development to quantify the Human Development Index (HDI) for any region. Thus education holds the prime priority for development of all the region and Sundarban is no exception. The educational scenario of Sundarban is not far ahead than other backward areas of West Bengal. In the present era of globalization, ‘Education for all’ has become the matter of human rights. Various developmental schemes of the Central and State Government, like Mid Day Meal (MDM), Sarva Sikhsha Aviyan (SSA) etc. are able to make some positive loop and make a paradigm shift in the educational sector after crossing the first decades of the 21st century. The Sundarban region might be more developed than the present if its educational sector improves much more. Proper education can make the inhabitants of the region more conscious and aware to do their betterment themselves as well as to save the biodiversity of the mangrove forest area of Sundarban. Thus an attempt has been made to portrait the developmental scenario along with the regional disparities in the educational sector of Sundarban. The present paper deals with the spatial variations of educational standard and its diverse dimensions of Sundarban.

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